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Why did God create Hell?

Jails are constructed to lock up criminals. Electric chairs and gas chambers are used to execute known offenders who commit crimes so heinous that God and society demands that they pay for their crimes with their lives (Genesis 9:6). If this is true for human society, with all of its moral imperfections and ethical inconsistencies, how much more so is this true for the holy and righteous God who was been snubbed and disobeyed by the very creatures He created?

When God created good but free moral agents, he opened the door for the possibility of evil. The first act of evil was the pride exhibited by Satan, which spread to include a number of angelic beings and, inevitably, the human race itself (Isaiah 14:12-15; Ezekiel 28:11-19; Revelation 12:3-7). The rebellion of Adam against God resulted in the entire planet being brought under the judgment of God (Isaiah 24:5-6; 25:7). God’s assessment of human nature prior to the Flood still rings true today:

“The LORD saw how great man’s wickedness on the earth had become, and that every inclination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil all the time. The LORD was grieved that he had made man on the earth, and his heart was filled with pain.” (Genesis 6:5-6)

God created a moral universe in which sinners reap what they sow. Human beings joined the rebellion against the rule of the Eternal Creator, whose nature is perfectly good and perfectly holy. This affront to His infinite righteousness and justice demands that God act. The Bible speaks of this as the “wrath of God,” although wrath does not mean that God loses his temper. Wrath has to do with his permanent disposition against evil. If God was not angry with sin, He would cease to be fully righteous. His love would degenerate into sentimentality. His holy nature means that sin not only deserves to be punished, but it must be punished.

Hell is the destiny of those who reject God’s grace. Jesus describes it as a place of darkness and unquenchable fire (Mark. 9:43; Matthew. 8:12), symbolizing exclusion from God’s presence.

The Book of Revelation refers to Hell as the “lake of Fire”. This is the final destination of Satan, his demonic horde, the antichrist, the beast and all those humans whose name is not written in the Book of Life (Revelation 20:12-15)

God’s grace is extended to forgive sinners who repent, which means that Hell will not be as populated as it could be. The substitutionary death of Jesus Christ acts as a legal stay of execution for condemned sinners on death row. Jesus suffered for us, experiencing the misery, the afflictions, the punishment and the death that we sinners deserve (2 Corinthians 5:21). The apostle Paul describes this hope in the following manner: “Since, therefore, we are now justified by his blood, much more shall we be saved by him from the wrath of God” (Rom. 5:9). For those who have not been justified by the blood of Christ, the wrath of God remains upon them (John 3:18)

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