Which Old Testament prophecies predicted the Messiah?
The Old Testament has been called by some scholars “the seedbed of the New Testament.” What the Old Testament predicts, the New Testament fulfills. This is especially true when we look at the predictions and fulfillments that focus on Jesus Christ. For example, following his resurrection, he talked with two of his disciples on the road to Emmaus, explaining to them how the Old Testament predicted his life, ministry, death and resurrection (Luke 24:13-27):
“O foolish men and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken! Was it not necessary for the Christ to suffer these things and to enter into His glory? And beginning with Moses and with all the prophets, He explained to them the things concerning Himself in all the Scriptures.” (Luke 24:25–27)
During his ministry, Jesus rebuked the scholars of the day for refusing to believe in Him, in spite of the specific Old Testament prophecies made about Him. He said, “You search the Scriptures, because you think that in them you have eternal life; and it is these that bear witness of Me; and you are unwilling to come to Me, that you may have life.” (John 5:39–40).
Prophecies about Jesus, called Messianic prophecies, are found throughout the Old Testament, from Genesis to Malachi. Below is a list of Old Testament prophecies just from the book of Isaiah, along with their New Testament fulfillment:
· Born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14; Luke 1:26–31).
· Galilean ministry (Isaiah 9:1, 2; Matthew 4:13–16).
· Heir to the throne of David (Isaiah 9:7; Luke 1:32, 33).
· His way prepared (Isaiah 40:3–5; John the Baptist (John 1:19–28).
· Spat on and struck (Isaiah 50:6; Matthew 26:67).
· Disfigured by suffering Isaiah 52:14; 53:2; Mark 15:15–19).
· Death as a blood atonement (Isaiah 53:5; 1 Peter 1:2).
· Widely rejected (Isaiah 53:1, 3; John 12:37, 38).
· Bear our sins and sorrows (Isaiah 53:4, 5; Romans 4:25; 1 Peter 2:24, 25).
· Be our substitute (Isaiah 53:6, 8; Romans 5:6, 8; 2 Corinthians 5:21).
· Buried in a rich man’s tomb (Isaiah 53:9; Matthew 27:57–60; John 19:38–42).
· Save us who believe in Him (Isaiah 53:10, 11; John 3:16; Acts 16:31).
· Die with transgressors (Isaiah 53:12; Mark 15:27, 28; Luke 22:37).
· Heal the brokenhearted (Isaiah 61:1, 2; Luke 4:18, 19).
Many more prophecies can be found in Genesis, Exodus, Psalms, Daniel, Micah, Jeremiah, Zechariah and Malachi. God’s Word has made it very clear that Jesus is the ultimate and final revelation of God the Father.